Harbor seals are found in coastal waters and are the most widely distributed species of Pinnipeds. They stick to familiar resting spots; generally rocky areas (although ice and mud may also be used). Each individual possesses a unique pattern of fine dark spots, and their colors range from brownish-black to tan or grey. They are gregarious and social animals capable of spending several days at sea and can travel up to 50 km in search of feeding grounds.
These fish have the ability to inflate themselves like a ball, this is their main defense mechanism. They use water, not air, to inflate themselves and they can be poisonous if improperly handled or consumed.
Sea Nettles are equipped with a number of nematocysts along their oral arms and tentacles. These nematocysts are like capsules with a coiled thread inside it, which is lined with barbs along its length. The thread contains powerful paralyzing toxins within itself. When wrapped around its prey or a predator they fire needle-like capsules into it causing paralysis and can let the jellyfish eat or give it time to escape.
The Giant Pacific Octopus can grow bigger and lives longer than any other species of Octopus, the largest recorded being 30 feet across and 600 lbs. Their skin contains special pigment cells, which allows them to change colors and textures; they can blend in with even the most intricately patterned corals, rocks and plants. When threatened they can also expel a type of ink to cloud the water and let them escape unseen. They are highly intelligent creatures, in some lab tests they have learned to open jars, mimic the actions of other octopuses and even solve mazes.
Killer Whales, also known as Orcas, are aquatic mammals found in all the world’s oceans. They are the largest species of the Dolphin family. They are apex predators, and have a very sophisticated social structure for both hunting and living in their pod. Often they will use teamwork to corral or exhaust their prey into submission. Orcas are highly intelligent sea mammals that have even been known to slide up onto the beach to snatch unsuspecting prey.
The Pelican is the only bird who has webbing in between all of its toes. This makes them excellent swimmers. When hunting for food, they fish from high above the water to spot their prey. They then dive bomb straight down and scoop water and fish into the expandable pouch that forms their lower beak. They squeeze out water and swallow any unlucky fish whole.
The swordfish is named after its bill resembling a sword (Latin gladius), which together with its streamlined physique allows it to cut through the water with great ease and agility. Contrary to popular belief, the “sword” is not used to spear, but instead may be used to slash at its prey in order to injure the prey animal, to make for an easier catch. Mainly the swordfish relies on its great speed, capable of reaching speeds up to 50 mph (80 km/h), and agility in the water to catch its prey. s. Swordfish are not schooling fish. They swim alone or in very loose aggregations, separated by as much as 10 meters from a neighboring swordfish. They are frequently found basking at the surface, airing their first dorsal fin.
The polar bear is a bear native largely within the Arctic Circle encompassing the Arctic Ocean, its surrounding seas and surrounding land masses. It is the world’s largest land carnivore. An adult male weighs around 350–680 kg (770–1,500 lb), while an adult female is about half that size. With many body characteristics adapted for cold temperatures, for moving across snow, ice, and open water, and for hunting the seals which make up most of its diet. Although most polar bears are born on land, they spend most of their time at sea. Polar bears can hunt their preferred food of seals from the edge of sea ice, often living off fat reserves when no sea ice is present.
Seagulls are best known as being a scavenger of the sea. Mainly seen in large, noisy flocks, congregating wherever food is found. They can float motionless in midair, catching wind currents and precise timing and positioning themselves at just the right angle.
The Great White Shark is the largest predatory fish in the sea. Their large torpedo shaped bodies have powerful tails that can propel them up to 15 mph in the water. They can leave the water completely, breaching like whales when attacking prey from underneath them. When attacking, their eyes roll back to protect them from being scratched. Sharks may lose about 1000 teeth in their lifetime, these are replaced with new ones as they are lost. They are found in cool, coastal waters throughout the world.
Moray eels have evolved a powerful sense of smell and can detect things from very far away. They are excellent swimmers; they move more like snakes than fish in the water and can swim both backwards and forward. Their razor sharp teeth are their primary defense.